Brig.Gen. (Res.) Aharon Levran, a former senior Intelligence officer has also held other high postings in the IDF, including Deputy Commandant of the National Defense College. He is a graduate of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Middle Eastern studies and Political Science. In 1984 he joined the Tel Aviv University Center for Strategic Studies as a senior associate and was editor of the annual Middle East Military Balance. His book on the Gulf War and its repercussions for Israel was published in 1983 (Hebrew, Bar Ilan University Strategic Center) and in 1997 (English, Frank Cass Publishers). Aharon Levran has also written many articles on Israeli Strategic Affairs and is currently working as a freelance researcher, consultant and lecturer on Strategy and National Defense.